German Version

March 14th 1535 - Iņigo becomes 'Magister'

When Ignatius studied in Paris, the city numbered about 300.000 inhabitants. About 4.000 students belonged to the university. There were more than fifty flat-sharing communities, named colleges (1). First Ignatius lived privately. On October 1st 1529 he moved into the College Sainte-Barbe. To that college building was added a tower. There he inhabited in the highest floor the tower room in which already Peter Faber and Francis Xaver lived. They became his first lasting companions. The tower room became for the increasing friend circle as it were a spiritual centre.

His studies made good progress. Until autumn 1529 he improved his knowledge of languages. Then he began the full course of philosophy of three and a half years. At the beginning of the year 1532 he made his exams as Baccalaureus. Then followed the study of scholastic theology with the Dominicans of St Jacques, where once St Thomas of Aquin († 1274) had taught. In March 1535 the licentiate's degree in philosophy was conferred on him, and he was now allowed to call himself Magister. That diploma proves for the first time the name 'Ignatius de Loyola'. It is kept in the archives of the Society of Jesus in Rome (2).

He could finance his study by begging travels to wealthy Spanish merchants in Brugge, Antwerp and London. Above all the Spaniard Juan de Cuéllar in Antwerp sent him annually a banker's order to Paris. Gifts came also from Barcelona, so that Ignatius could still support some fellow students.

In Paris also the friend circle of Ignatius was realized, which had failed in Spain. In Paris too the first three companions, to whom Ignatius had given the Spiritual Exercises, jumped off again: Castro became Cartusian in Spain, Peralta a rich prebendary in Toledo, Amador's further life is unknown. Ignatius was lucky only with the third attempt. Peter Faber was won as the first companion, Francis Xaver was the second, Laínez, Salmerón and Bobadilla followed, and then the Portugese Rodrigues.


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Link to 'Public Con-Spiracy for the Poor'