German Version

June 5th 1546 - Pope Paul III Confirms the Admission of Brothers

It had been a new idea of Ignatius to integrate beside the Professed Jesuits (usually men of science) also 'Coadjutores Spirituales' as priests, and 'Coadjutores Temporales' as Brothers in the order.

The legal admission of Brothers was regulated by the bull 'Exponi nobis' from June 5th 1546 by Pope Paul III.

An apostolic Order has many labours and tasks in the house and in the outside spheres of priestly activities, which require no scientific education, but talents and trained abilities, which are usually missing with men of science. Hence Brothers are an important complement to the Regulars.

Mostly the Order has had also many Brothers who did not only the housework in kitchen and cellar, in garden and church, but were busy also in cultural areas as secretaries and door-keepers, as architects, craftsmen and artists. Which great merits had and have our Brothers by their work in the missions! Not a few of them are admired as Beatified, Saints, Confessors and Martyrs.

There are however also those examples of young men who entered the order to become Brother but studied later and became priests, e.g. the Swiss Paul Guldin from Sankt Gallen ( in Graz on November 3rd 1643), the Pole Nikolaus Cichocki ( in Krakau on March 27th 1669), or the botanist Canell. But also the reverse happened: studied candidates became active in functions of Brothers. Among those ranks also Brother Alfons Rodríguez, who had already a secondary school education when he became Jesuit, but worked as door-keeper at the College in Mallorca and became the patron of the Jesuit Brothers.

True artists were among others Seeghers and dal Pozzo, Peter Huysens, the designer of the Jesuit Church in Antwerp, or at the Nether Rhine the important church architect Brother Hülse, and in South Germany the Brothers Huber, Holl and Troyer, the goldsmiths Silling and Roprecht, in Austria the Brothers Gaugut and Tausch, and in France Brother Martellange - and many others.

 

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